Tanks

 

M60 Patton

~260 M60A3TTS and ~167 M60A3: 300 Ex-US M60A1 were purchassed from 1991 to 1994, 120 M60A3TTS and 7 M60A1 in 1997.  Army’s M60A1 tanks purchassed in the 90’s were all upgraded to M60A3’s as these became available, and 140 upgraded to M60A3TTS in 2009.

M60A3 is an improved variant of M60A1 featuring new fire control system and improved fire accuracy. It’s hit probability for a stationary tank-size target, located 2.000 m away is 70%, while the M60A1 had hit probability for the same target was only 23%. Its main armament is a 105 mm M68 gun, 7.62mm M240 machine gun and a .50BMG M85 heavy machine gun. Main gun received a thermal sleeve. Protection of the M60A3 was slightly improved by Kevlar spall liner, fitted to the turret. It was also fitted with smoke grenade dischargers. All M60A3 tanks are fitted with reactive armor and some with M9 bulldozer kit.

M60A3 TTS fire control system includes a laser designator, ballistic computer and a AN/VSG-2 2nd Generation Tank Thermal Sight.

M60 with ERA

M60 during African Lion Exercises

T-72

~136 T-72B and 12 T-72BKMuch improved version than the T-72A and variants, the T-72B were all purchased from Belarus and received between 1999 and 2001. They were all refurbished and modernized by the Belarussian tank-repairing plant No. 140 in Borisov before shipment. Upgrades were done by the company “Peleng JSC” with a new FCS, sighting and targeting systems and some new elements of life support. It is unknown wich components of the new FCS has been installed, but the TISAS thermal imaging was the thermal imaging sight chose to modernise the fire-control system, the instalation of thermoelectric air conditioner and other life support systems were also done.

The tank are characterized by the high level of radiation protection due to the application of NBC protection inside and outside seals, collective and local protection system for the crew members. The tank mobility is ensured by a V-84-1 840hp (626 kW) diesel engine installed thereon. The tank survivability on the battlefield is enhanced due to the low silhouette, application of the smoke generating equipment (TDA) and 902B “Tucha” system for smoke screening, napalm protection system and 3EC13 “Inei” quick-acting fire-extinguishing equipment . The tanks are also equipped with the self-entranching equipment and attachment for the KMT-6 mine exploder as well as the OPVT-5 snorkel equipment, which makes it possible to overcome water barriers up to 5 m deep and up to 1000 m wide. T-72B has thicker armour than “A” versions, turret front and top was heavily reinforced with composite armour better known by its US codename “Super Dolly Parton”, fitted with 227 “Kontakt-1” ERA bricks to the hull and turret and with 20 mm of appliqué armour in the front of hull.The main armament is the 2A46M 125-mm smooth-bore gun with the ammunition load of 45 rounds. The ammunition load includes separate loading rounds with armour-piercing hard-core, hollow-charge and high-explosive fragmentation shells, as well as 3UBK14 round with 9M119 guided missile. The 9K120 system which gives T-72B 9M119 “Svir” (NATO code: AT-11 Sniper) laser-guided antitank missile complex is installed on the tank. The fire control system comprises the TISAS and TPD-K1 sightings for firing an artillery and guided missile rounds from the tank gun with a day/night capability. The 2E42-2 two-plane armament stabilizer ensures fire for effect from the move.T-72BK is the Command version of T-72, recognizable by having multiple radio antennas and a radio mast stowage under rear turret bin. Their main armament is a 125 mm 2A46M smoothbore gun, one 7.62 mm PKT coax machine gun and one 12.7 mm NSV machine gun.

T-72B

T-72B

VT-1A

At least 54 VT-1A : There are not much details about this tank due to Chinese and Moroccan hermetism in military, but it’s known that its armed with a 125 mm smoothbore gun, 7.62 parallel machine guns, 12.7 antiaircraft machine gun.

The VT1A vehicles are all “improved T-72s”. Lots of improvements were done, though, many of them similar to what’s found in the Russian T-80UM2. Armor is a combination of composite and ERA (explosive reactive armor). Improvements over the basic version of this tanks may be possible with an upgrade with “occidental” electronics.

VT-1A

VT-1A

 

M48 Patton

~185 M48A5: 225 M48 Patton Tanks were prurchased from the US from 1973 to 1985. All M48A3 taks were upgraded with conversion packs since beggining 80’s.

The M48A5 is a 1st Generation MBT. It incorporates a new main gun, the L107 105mm and two M60D 7.62mm machine guns. Upgrades included new tracks with replaceable octagonal track shoes, upgraded fire control, lighting system reworked to M60 standard and upgraded rearlights and engine access doors.

M48A5

M48A5

SK-105 Kurassier

~50 SK-105: The Steyr SK-105, nicknamed the Kurassier, was purchassed in 1978. a total of 110 tanks ere delivered in 1979 and 1980. Designated as a tank destroyer by Austrian army, this vehicle is widely considered as a light tank.

The SK-105 Kurassier uses improved chassis of the 4K 4FA armored personnel carrier and mounts an improved French FL-12 turret of the AMX-13.

Front armor protects the crew from 35-mm APDS projectiles, while all-round protection is against small arms bullets only. Improvements for desert operations include sand shields, an improved cooling system and a cyclone-type air cleaner. Turret of the AMX-13 has an unusual oscillating design.

The SK-105 Kurassier is armed with a 105-mm rifled gun. This gun is completed with a semi-automatic revolving magazine type autoloader. It allowed to reduce crew to three members: commander, gunner and driver. Vehicle has two revolving magazines holding 6 rounds each. A total of 43 rounds for the main gun are carried. The SK-105 Kurassier has a maximum rate of fire in 12 rounds per minute. Unfortunately gun is non-stabilized and vehicle can’t fire accurately on the move. All SK 105 have a 105 mm gun designated the 105 G1 which fires the following types of spin-stabilised fixed ammunition HE, HEAT, smoke and APFSDS. Secondary armament consists of two 7.62-mm machine guns. One of them is mounted coaxially with the main gun, while the other is positioned on top of the roof.

Sk-105 during Sahara War

Sk-105 in Southern Provinces

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