An infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), also known as a mechanized infantry combat vehicle (MICV), is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to carry infantry into battle, they are heavily armed and armoured and are designed for direct combat. They are differentiated from armoured personnel carriers (APCs)— which are purely “troop-transport” vehicles armed only for self-defense— because they are designed to give direct fire support to the dismounted infantry and so usually have significantly enhanced armament. IFVs also often have improved armour and some have firing ports (allowing the infantry to fire personal weapons while mounted). The Army’s inventory includes:
~1400 M113 and variants: 763 M113A1/A1-B/A2 APCs, 105 M901 ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle), 115 M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS), 38 M548A1 cargo carrier, 304 M577 command vehicle (some upgraded indigenously to M1068 Standard Integrated Command Post System (SICPS) Carrier), 14 M981 FISTV (Fire Support Team Vehicle), 20 M125 Mortar carrier with 81 mm M29 mortar, 36 M106A1/A2 Mortar Carrier with with 107 mm M30 mortar, 30 M113 AMEV used as an armored ambulance, 73 M730 Unarmored launcher for the MIM-72 Chaparral surface-to-air missiles of the M54 system. Some M113 were indigenously fitted with a ZPU 2-14.5 Anti-Aircraft Gun, and others equipped with a TOW launcher mounted on a tripod on top of the vehicle.
110 AIFV: The AIFV (Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle) is a tracked light armored vehicle which serves as an infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) in the army. It is a development of the M113A1 armored personnel carrier. It’s fitted with the same suspension as the M113A1-B (similar to the M113A2) and NBC system and Halon fire suppression system. 90 AIFV-B-C25 with 25 mm KBA-B02 cannon and smoke grenade launchers fitted on the side of the turret, 19 AIFV-B-.50 with 12.7 mm CWS cuppola, 2 Lyran 71mm mortars and pintle mount for MILAN missile launcher, and a AIFV-B-CP, a command post vehicle with 12.7mm cupola (M113 type), a tent, generator and telescopic mast, were received from Belgium in 2008.
~395 VAB: The Véhicule de l’Avant Blindé or VAB (“Armoured Vanguard Vehicle” in French) is an armoured personnel carrier and support vehicle. The RMA operates 50 VAB 6×6 VCI Toucan (Infantry Combat Vehicle), it’s the IFV version equipped with a turret mounted 20 mm M693 and a 7.62mm AA-52 machine gun and intended for fire support and for counter sniping. For troop transport, the army operates the APC variant, with 320 VAB 6×6 VTT (Véhicule Transport de Troupe) in service, including 12 VAB-VTM Mortar towing vehicle with Thomson-Brandt MO-120 mortar, 68 VAB-PC Command vehicle with a crew of 6 and equipped with map tables and additional signals equipment., 20 VAB-ECH ARV and some VAB-VMO (Police version for crowd control) version, 150 have been indigenously upgraded in 2012.
~60 Ratel IFV: The Ratel is a South African made Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV). The RMA operates two different variants; 30 Ratel 20 with crew of 3 plus 7 infantry, and a turret armed with a 20 mm M693 cannon and a 7.62mm Browning M1919A4 as coaxial. the Ratel 90 have a crew of 3 plus 6 infantry, armed with a 90 mm GIAT F1 gun and a 7.62mm Browning M1919A4 machine gun.
~250 Panhard AML: The Panhard AML 60/90 is a light armoured car with permanent 4×4 drive for mobility. The RMA operates 140 AML-90 with a 90 mm in quick firing low pressure gun; 20 AML-90 Lynx with Night vision equipment, upgraded telecommunications system and telemeters laser; 35 AML-60 with a 60 mm breech loading mortar as main weapon and a 7.62 mm machine gun; and 60 Eland-20/90, the South African version, the first with a with a 20mm cannon and the second with a 90 mm GIAT F1 gun as main armament, both with a 7.62 mm machine gun as coaxial.
~110 AMX-10 RC: The AMX-10RC is a wheeled reconnaissance vehicle and tank destroyer. The vehicle features a 105 mm GIAT gun which fires four types of ammunition: APFSDS, HE, HEAT and smoke. Secondary armament includes a 7,62mm NF1 coaxial machine gun and 4 smoke generators. The AMX-10RC is equipped with an NBC (Nuclear/Biological/Chemical) protection system.